Family Planning/Contraception Mgmt
When contemplating starting a family, it is important to be educated about the
various methods available until you are ready for that step. Family planning
involves the use of birth control which includes deliberate behaviors, devices
or medications to intentionally prevent pregnancies. Contraceptives work in
various ways by preventing the sperm from fertilizing the egg. Family planning
also can be used to limit the number of children you have or to space
Listed below are some forms of contraception management.
Birth control methods:
- Abstinence: Intentional refrain from sexual activities of
any kind with a sex partner*
- Fertility Awareness-Based Methods (FAMs): Also called “natural
family planning.” This method tracks ovulation, the release of an
egg, to prevent or optimize pregnancy.
- Outercourse: Sexual activities that keep sperm out of the vagina
to prevent pregnancy
- Withdrawal: Otherwise known as “coitus interruptus” or the “pull
out” method. Withdrawal is the process when a man pulls out of the
vagina before ejaculation.
Additional Birth Control Methods (Using Devices or Medicine)
- Male Condom: Latex or plastic worn over the penis to create a
barrier between sperm and the egg. Condoms also protect against
sexually transmitted diseases.
- Female Condom: A plastic pouch worn inside the vagina to create
a barrier between sperm and the egg. Female condoms also protect
against sexually transmitted diseases.
- Spermicides: A chemical substance available in various forms
(creams, foams, gels) that prevents the mobilization of sperm.
- Contraceptive Sponge: The contraceptive sponge is made of
plastic containing spermicide and is inserted deep into the vagina
prior to intercourse. It also has a nylon loop attachment for easy
- Cervical Cap: A silicone cap that fits over the cervix and works
as a barrier form of contraception.
- Birth Control Pills: Hormones in the form of a pill that are
taken orally on a daily basis. The pill’s effectiveness is a result
of an adjustment of the ovulation process. The pill prevents the
release of an egg during ovulation, eliminating a viable egg for the
sperm to fertilize.
- Birth Control Patch: The birth control patch is a thin, plastic
patch that sticks to the skin and works like the pill. Hormones
released by the patch keep a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs for
sperm to fertilize.
- Birth Control Vaginal Ring: The vaginal ring is a small plastic
ring that is inserted into the vagina monthly to prevent pregnancy.
The ring is also a hormone releasing device and disrupts the egg
releasing process that is ovulation.
- Birth Control Shot: Each shot of the birth control shot is a
release of hormones that prevents pregnancy for three months. It
works like the pill in that it keeps a woman’s ovaries from
releasing eggs for fertilization.
- Implants: A thin, plastic implant about the size of a matchstick
is inserted under the skin of the upper arm and protects against
pregnancy for up to three years. Like the pill, implants are a
hormonal method of birth control that disrupts the ovulation cycle
- Intrauterine Device (IUD): A small, T-shaped, plastic device
implanted in the lining of a woman’s uterus by a health care
professional. IUDs affect the way sperm move, and prevent them from
fertilizing an egg. Some IUDs also release hormones to keep a
woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs.
Permanent Contraceptive Options:
- Tubal ligation (women): Sterilization is a birth control option
that is meant to be permanent. During this process, a health care
professional with block a woman’s fallopian tubes in one of several
ways, by either cutting and tying the tubes of by sealing them
closed surgically with clamps or clips.
- Vasectomy (men): Vasectomy is the sterilization process for a
male and like tubal ligation is meant to be permanent. During a
surgical process performed by a health care professional, the vas
deferens are cut thus preventing sperm out of the seminal fluid.
*Being sexually abstinent is the only 100% effective way to prevent
unwanted pregnancies. Abstinence also protects against STDs.
If you live in or around Edison please call our office to schedule an appointment with one of our
health care professional so that we may answer any of your questions and
help you find the right family planning method for you. Visit our
contact us page for more information.
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